Ifugao, Home of the Rice Terraces

Rice Terraces in Banaue, Ifugao by John Renzo Aledia

Ifugao, is a landlocked province located in the heart of the Cordillera Administration Region (CAR) in the island of Luzon, Philippines, is known for its rich culture and heritage. Its provincial capital of is the municipality of Lagawe.

by IHingyon TV

Home to mesmerizing, terraced landscapes carved into the mountains, Ifugao is most famous for the Banaue Rice Terraces, which are often referred to as the “Eighth Wonder of the World” and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The terraces were hand-carved into the mountains of Ifugao by the ancestors of the indigenous people more than 2,000 years ago. This immense undertaking was done without the use of modern tools or machinery, demonstrating the Ifugaos’ extraordinary engineering skills. Today, these terraces still function as a crucial part of local agriculture, with an ancient irrigation system that comes from the rainforests above the terraces.

The term “Ifugao” derives from “i-pugo” which means “from the hill.” The Ifugao culture values kinship, family ties, religious rituals, and festivals, which play a significant role in their daily life. One of the most renowned festivals is the Imbayah festival, a celebration that marks a bountiful harvest and honors Ifugao’s customs, dances, and traditional games.

Batad Rice Terraces in Ifugao By Seventide – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=89708949

Aside from its rich culture, Ifugao also offers various natural attractions like the Tappiya Waterfall and the picturesque town of Kiangan, which is steeped in history and holds significant wartime sites. The province provides an enriching experience to visitors, not only through its remarkable landscapes but also through the warmth of the Ifugao people who continue to preserve their traditions and way of life in the modern world.

In Ifugao society, the “hudhud” chants and the “mumbaki” (priest) hold an esteemed place, with the hudhud recognized by UNESCO as one of the Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. These chants are traditionally sung during the harvest season and at important rites such as funerals.

by IHingyon TV

In summary, Ifugao stands as a cornerstone of Philippine cultural heritage, with its awe-inspiring terraces that mirror a civilization’s adaptability, creativity, and harmony with nature. Visitors to this unique region leave with a deeper appreciation of the Ifugao’s ancestral knowledge and sustainable living practices that have stood the test of time.

When traveling you may need to purchase a few items before you come like a new camera or laptop. It is always a good Idea to be prepared. Also read my blog on What Should You Buy Before Travelling? – Philippine Tourism and Statistics (turistasapilipinas.com)


Need help with your vacation plans to the Philippines? Try Trip.com https://trip.tp.st/W3OZCFW

by Chai of the East

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