Abra, Entrance to the CAR Region

Abra Valley view from Casamata Hill By Iannekleina – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39808543

Abra is a landlocked province in the Philippines, situated in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) in Luzon. Its provincial capital is the municipality of Bangued.

Abra from the Spanish “abre” meaning gorge, breach, or opening denoted Banaoang Gap from which the Rio Grande de Abra flows to the Philippine Sea. Abra is bordered by the provinces of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Mountain Province, and Apayao. Abra is known for its rugged terrain, which is characterized by mountains, hills, and valleys, making it a scenic yet somewhat challenging place to travel across.

Geography and Environment

The topography of Abra is mostly mountainous, with the towering Cordillera range shaping its varying landscape. It has several rivers, including the Tineg River, which contributes to the province’s rich biodiversity and potential for agricultural development. Abra’s climate is generally tropical with rainy and dry seasons, which influence its agricultural patterns.

Culture and Heritage

Abra boasts a rich cultural heritage, with the majority of its population comprising the Tingguian ethnic group, alongside Ilocano settlers. The Tingguians have a vibrant culture, evident in their customary practices, weaving patterns, and ritualistic dances. The province also celebrates local festivals, such as the Abrenian Kawayan Festival, which showcases Abra’s bamboo crafts and cultural dances.


The economy of Abra is primarily agricultural, with farming and fishing as the main livelihoods. It produces crops such as rice, corn, vegetables, and root crops. Home industries like loom weaving and basketry are also significant, with products often featuring distinctive patterns and designs that reflect the province’s cultural heritage.


Abra has various attractions that cater to different interests:

  • Tugot ni Angalo (Footprints of Angalo): A natural rock formation believed to be the footprints of a mythical giant.
  • Kaparkan Falls: Also known as Mulawin Falls, is famous for its beautiful, terraced rock formations.
  • Libtec Underground River: An off-the-beaten-path destination for adventure seekers.
  • Cassamata Hill National Park: Offers panoramic views of Bangued and is a site of historical significance.


Despite its potential for eco-tourism and agricultural development, Abra faces several challenges. It is prone to natural disasters such as landslides and typhoons due to its topography and weather conditions. Additionally, there are infrastructure limitations that hinder the accessibility and potential progress of the province.


Abra is a province that exudes a simple charm. Its natural beauty, cultural richness, and tranquil way of life make it unique in the Philippines archipelago. As infrastructure improves and sustainable practices are embraced, Abra has the potential to become a key destination for those seeking cultural immersion and nature-based adventures.

When traveling you may need to purchase a few items before you come like a new camera or laptop. It is always a good Idea to be prepared. Also read my blog on What Should You Buy Before Travelling? – Philippine Tourism and Statistics (turistasapilipinas.com)


Need help with your vacation plans to the Philippines? Try Trip.com https://trip.tp.st/W3OZCFWl

by WLV Manila
by Learn With Reymund

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